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Favorable Weather Conditions Boost Second-Crop Corn Development in Brazil

Recent rainfall in Brazil has provided favorable conditions for the development of second-crop corn in most producing regions, according to the latest Agricultural Monitoring Bulletin (BMA) released by the National Supply Company (Conab).

The BMA, which analyzes agroclimatic conditions and satellite imagery, indicates that April showers were sufficient for second-crop corn growth in most areas. The highest precipitation levels were observed in parts of Pará and Maranhão, leading to some disruptions in soybean harvesting and logistics but ultimately benefiting soil moisture levels.

"[Data] indicates that the rains that occurred in the first weeks of April were sufficient for the development of second-crop corn in most producing regions," Conlab states.

The bulletin also highlights that some regions, including parts of Bahia, Minas Gerais, and São Paulo, experienced lower rainfall and high temperatures, leading to water restrictions for crops. However, the overall outlook for second-crop corn remains positive, with vegetation index (IV) graphs showing advanced emergence and development compared to the previous harvest and historical averages.

"The evolution graphs of the vegetation index (IV) of the main second-crop corn producing regions show advanced emergence in the current harvest, due to early sowing," the report notes. "This advance, associated with favorable weather conditions in most regions, has resulted in the evolution of IV above the previous harvest and the historical average."